Psoriasis and eczema are both skin conditions that can cause itching, patches of red and dry skin, and can be treated similarly.
The two conditions can be easy to confuse, so the experts at House Call Doctor are here to help you tell the difference.
Eczema can be caused by allergies, asthma, and skin sensitivities to certain objects like materials or product chemicals. Heat and sweating can also cause eczema.Children under the age of 5 tend to be more prone to the skin condition and experience eczema more than adults, however flare-ups during puberty are also common. There is only one eczema type.
Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease whereby the immune system attacks the skin, leading to red and scaly patches on the skin. This typically occurs between ages 15 and 35 and again between 50 and 60, and babies rarely have psoriasis. There are five different types of psoriasis.
Eczema makes your skin look red, scaly and often crusty. It may cause swelling.
Psoriasis can also make your skin look red and patchy;however they may be silvery, and the skin tends to be more inflamed than eczema cases.
Eczema occurs in places like your inner elbow, or behind your knees, however it can appear anywhere on the body.
Psoriasis appears on elbows, knees, scalp, face, lower back, palms and soles of feet. Patches have also been seen on fingernails and toenails, as well as eyelids, ears and on folds of skin.
Itching is a major difference between the two conditions. Eczema causes intense itching, and if the skin is scratched, this leads to sensitive and often raw skin. Eczema itching is found to be worse at night.
Alternatively, psoriasis only causes mild itching. Additional symptoms of psoriasis include joint stiffness and swelling.
No cure currently exists for eczema. While it is prominent in children, some cases have seen children ‘grow out of it’ with age, whereas others experience eczema into adulthood. Treatment measures include avoiding harsh soaps, refraining from hot baths or showers, applying corticosteroid creams to itchy areas, and applying cool compresses to the skin. Consistent moisturising can also help heal the raw skin.
People with psoriasis should keep their skin clean and moisturised, avoid very hot water and harsh soaps.
House Call Doctor recommends to see a dermatologist if you are feeling concerned about a skin condition.