Cardiovascular disease: Types, symptoms, prevention, and causes

Cardiovascular disease refers to conditions affecting the heart and blood vessels. It occurs when fatty deposits build up in arteries, increased blood clots, damaged arteries in organs, bad lifestyle habits, and genetic changes. Heart disease, if not well-taken care of and treated, can lead to disabilities and death. According to Dr. Ariel Soffer in Aventura, caring for acute and chronic heart conditions promotes natural healing ability.

Below is the information you need to know about heart diseases.

What are the types of cardiovascular conditions?

There are various forms of heart diseases which are as follows:

Arrhythmias–It is the abnormal or irregular heartbeats that are too slow or too fast.

Aorta and marfan conditions—these disorders cause the aorta to widen and tear hence causing hardened arteries, high blood pressure, connective tissue disorders that weaken the blood vessels, and arterial injuries.

Cardiomyopathies are a condition that affects the heart muscles, causing them to become stiff, thick, and enlarged, leading to abnormal heart rhythms and failure. They are caused by high blood pressure, infection, genetic make-up, obesity, diabetes, and metabolic diseases.

Congenital heart disorder is a blood vessel problem in one or more parts of the heart. It happens before birth due to the child’s genes or exposure to viral infection, tobacco smoke, and alcohol before birth.

Coronary artery disease occurs when plaque builds up and hardens the arteries that provide nutrients and oxygen.

Pulmonary embolism—occurs due to the build-up of blood clots in the veins. It is mainly due to family history, pregnancy, sitting for long hours, long-term bed rest, and birth control pills.

Heart failure—occurs when the heart does not vigorously pump blood to other parts. It then causes shortness of breath and swelling.

Rheumatic fever is common in children and occurs when the inflammation from the infection damages the valves.

Stroke—occurs when blood flowing to the brain slows or is blocked, causing a shortage of oxygen and nutrient supply to the brain.

Risk factors such as radiation therapy, obesity, high blood cholesterol, smoking, hypertension, air pollution, alcohol consumption, unhealthy diet, and sleep apnea increase the chances of one getting heart disease.

Some cardiovascular conditions may fail to show signs, while various symptoms accompany others.

What are the symptoms of heart conditions?

·       Fatigue

·       Chest pains

·       Joint pains

·       Dizziness

·       Nausea

·       Shortness of breath

These conditions, if left unprevented and untreated, can be a nightmare.

How are heart diseases treated and prevented?

Avoiding smoking, avoiding alcohol consumption, managing body weight, regular excising, and having a heart-healthy diet helps prevent heart diseases. Additionally, use medication to help reduce blood clots and surgery to prevent the condition from getting worse.

What are some of the surgery procedures?

Coronary artery bypass is the use of grafts to support blood flow. Minimally invasive heart surgery involves small incisions to access blocked vessels. Magnetic-assisted surgery involves the use of computer-controlled magnets to open blocked vessels. Coronary angioplasty involves widening the narrowed vessels to improve blood flow.

Consult a cardiologist today

Cardiovascular diseases have severe repercussions for life if left untreated. If you are experiencing heart disease, contact Soffer Health Institute Florida to get cardiology care and treatment.