Accounting Transactions - Overview, Types, Double-Entry Recording

You will learn all you need to know about Ethereum’s internal transactions in this article, including how to access them using the Alchemy Transfers API.

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Exchanges between two smart contracts are referred to as internal transactions. If the user demands it, this may also include transferring ETH from a smart contract to an outside address. All transactions between smart contracts on the Ethereum network are regarded as private since each one is given a unique internal address.

A token transfer is another kind of transaction that may take place between two external addresses that users have chosen. The exchange of ERC-20 tokens between users is one kind of such transaction.

If a smart contract gets a command to do an action from an external address, it will start an internal transaction. The contract will then begin using its pre-programmed logic to start communicating with any further contracts it needs to finish the operation. Several calls to other contracts can be required as part of a single smart contract transaction through the itn number.

Example of an Internal Business Transaction

A token exchange in this context serves as an example of a typical transaction flow.

A user must first transfer their ERC-20 tokens from their wallet to the exchange’s smart contract before they can start swapping them.

Token Deposit: The exchange’s smart contracts will now deposit tokens into the liquidity pool’s smart contract.

The exchange’s associated contract obtains the quantity of WETH (wrapped Ethereum) to be converted to ETH, which is subsequently sent to the WETH smart contract by means of an internal transaction.

This ETH will be sent as part of an internal transaction from the contract running the exchange to the user’s external address to complete the transaction.


The knowledge obtained through internal corporate operations may be useful to users. The following is a list of some possible uses for comprehending internal transactions in a distributed app:

Transaction Notifications Rejected – If even one internal operation fails, the whole transaction will be deemed a failure. If customers were made aware of the probable failure location, the problem may be resolved.

  • Monitoring Digital Agreements Your smart contract may conduct internal transactions after it has been deployed in order to communicate with other contracts. You may look at the address your smart contract is utilising to see whether it is doing any internal transactions. Learn how and when this information is used in conjunction with other contracts.
  • Blockchain analysis techniques – It is essential to gather information due to the possible complexity of doing business internally. The amount of transactions a smart contract conducts inside itself may be used to determine its effectiveness and popularity.
  • Batch Transaction Processing After sending a batch of transactions to several sender addresses, you may utilise internal transactions to verify the correct recipient addresses.

Tracking internal business activity

Customers may consult and inform their own financial operations using the information gathered from internal transactions. Internal transactions are harder to manage than external transactions because they are not recorded on the blockchain and lack cryptographic signatures. This makes it more difficult to locate them and requires more resources, such as an archiving node.